by Bill Batson
More than 200 years ago, Nicholas Green and Tunis Depew sowed the seeds that would become the Nyack Library. A membership fee of $90 a year was required to join the first edition of our community’s book depository. Their institution was undoubtedly modeled on Benjamin Franklin’s Library Company of Philadelphia, considered to be the first lending library in North America. The story of the evolution of public book lending in Nyack captures the powerful civic and egalitarian impulses that have compelled people spanning the ideological spectrum and generations to support Nyack Library.
Rev. Stephen Merritt, Jr. established the next incarnation of a library in Nyack in 1872 as part of the Young Men’s Christian Association during a period when the village was emerging as a regional capitol. Factories, steamboats and the Nyack Turnpike helped grow the village to 3,500 people. The swelling population brought new problems: Nyack’s streets were crowded with “tobacco-chewing, street loafers” according to a letter to the editor in the Rockland County Journal.
Upcoming Programs at the Nyack Library
Wed., Jan. 25, 8:30p
The American Presidency – Presidential Powers and the Peaceful Transfer of Power in the Community/Meeting Room
James Sarna presents a talk on the American Presidency from an historical perspective, with a discussion of the inauguration and the peaceful transfer of power during election years, and how the first hundred days is often used as a measure of the course a president will set during his or her term in office.
Mr. Sarna is a local attorney, Adjunct Professor at STAC, Former Trustee and Acting Village Justice of Upper Nyack.
Fri., Feb. 10. 7:30 – 9:30p
Carnegie Concerts Series Presents Shirley Crabbe in the Carnegie-Farian Room. Once the opening act for Abby Lincoln, Shirley has recorded with great jazz artists Houston Person, Donald Vega and others. Her onstage performances include dates with Donald Vega, David Budway, Ron Blake, David Glasser, Brandon Lee, Matt Haviland, Cameron Brown, Jon Burr, Jim West and others. Venues include: Minton’s of Harlem, Jazz at Kitano, Lenox Lounge, Birdland and the Metropolitan Room, to name a few. In 2011 she released her debut CD HOME featuring, jazz giant Houston Person.
Wed., Feb. 22, 7 – 8:30p
Local Author Bryan Shih discusses his recent book The Black Panthers: Portraits from an Unfinished Revolution in the Community/Meeting Room. From the book jacket: Even fifty years after it was founded, the Black Panther Party remains one of the most misunderstood political organizations of the twentieth century. But beyond the labels of “extremist” and “violent” that have marked the party, and beyond charismatic leaders like Huey Newton, Bobby Seale, and Eldridge Cleaver, were the ordinary men and women who made up the Panther rank and file.
The newly incorporated village administration must have been pleased to see a private effort to promote literacy and self-improvement. As a Methodist minister, Merritt imbued the YMCA with the tenets of the Temperance Movement. In 1873, the collection included 200 volumes that advocated abstinence from alcohol.
Nyack’s YMCA, two banks and many businesses may have succumbed to the economic depression of 1878, but Merritt’s collection of books endured. The existing collection was subsequently reorganized into the nucleus of a resurgent public library. By-laws were adopted and the Nyack Library was reborn in January 1879.
Local stationer and news dealer John Haeselbarth served as librarian and his store on Main Street and Broadway became the reading room. On September 10, 1890, the trustees took steps to create a proper library setting, where readers did not have to compete with shoppers for the librarian’s attention. Rooms were rented on DePew Ave. for $275 per year and Emma Thornburn, who previously served as the YMCA’s librarian, was returned to her post.
There was still one big transformation ahead for our library: the journey from fee to free. According to the founding documents “any person might become a member by payment of $1.” An additional dollar would have to be paid annually for the right to borrow books. The library became truly public in February 1893 when a resolution was adopted to drop the yearly charges.
The free circulation policy was influenced by political and philanthropic forces. On the political front, a law passed by the New York State legislature in 1892 authorized tax-collecting bodies to establish “forever free” public libraries that would qualify for additional public funding.
On a parallel track, the business leaders that made up the Board of Trustees practiced their own enlightened self-interest. The Industrial Revolution required a sober and manageable work force, an ethos that the burgeoning national public library movement encouraged.
In Nyack, the legacy of the temperance movement was compatible with the goals of corporate philanthropy. The continuing inspiration of Rev. Merritt was evident when Daniel Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe was blacklisted from the stacks in 1893 because of the protagonist’s fondness for rum.
Thanks to a thesis written by Ruth Diebold, Nyack Library Director from 1964- 1970, we know some of the popular titles that made it into circulation in the 1890’s.
- David Copperfield by Charles Dickens
- The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne
- Uncle Tom’s Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe
- Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte
As the 19th century drew to a close, the time was now ripe to build a permanent space for Nyack’s Library. The building on South Broadway that is now central to the village’s landscape and psyche was built during an era of great civic public works projects including a new water system (1896) and public hospital (1900). In 1903, with a significant philanthropic gift from Andrew Carnegie, the richest man in the world, a corner stone was laid for the library the citizens of Nyack had sought since 1806.
Bill Batson is an activist, artist and writer who lives and sketches in Nyack, NY. “Nyack Sketch Log: The Nyack Library,” © 2017 Bill Batson.